The Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930

In any discussion of President Hoover’s economic policies, the Smoot-Hawley Tariff often takes center stage.  What's typically omitted, however, is the context in which the bill emerged. From the earliest days of the republic, a protective tariff was one of the bedrock principles of U.S. economic policy.    In the late 19th and early 20th century, … Continue reading The Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930

Desegregating the Commerce Department

  In 1928, Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover took action for the civil rights of African Americans that was both momentous and trivial – he desegregated the Commerce Department. As his assistant, George Akerson pointed out, the official policy of the Coolidge Administration was that segregation was prohibited in Federal employment.  In reality, an "unwritten … Continue reading Desegregating the Commerce Department

Lincoln Portrait Fraud

by, Spencer Howard The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum presented a program by art conservator Barry Bauman entitled "The Demise of Mary Lincoln: An Artistic Conspiracy." In short, Mr. Bauman discovered that a painting that had hung for years in the Illinois governor's mansion, which was believed to be an original portrait of Mrs. Lincoln … Continue reading Lincoln Portrait Fraud

Tempest in a Teapot – Lou Henry Hoover and the DePriest Tea Incident

By: Spencer Howard When Lou Henry Hoover became First Lady in 1929, one of her main responsibilities was to coordinate the social functions at the White House, and the first major event on her agenda was to invite the wives of the members of Congress to the White House for tea.  The Congressional teas served … Continue reading Tempest in a Teapot – Lou Henry Hoover and the DePriest Tea Incident

Hoover Field – Washington DC’s First Airport

The inauguration of the first air passenger service between Washington DC and Philadelphia on July 16, 1926 was a major milestone in the development of the nation's capital, and of unusual personal significance for Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover.  Not only was Secretary Hoover, by virtue of the new Air Commerce Act, responsible for fostering … Continue reading Hoover Field – Washington DC’s First Airport

Herbert Hoover, President-Elect – a Florida vacation

In January 1929, President-Elect Herbert Hoover returned from his seven-week trip to Latin America and began preparing for the Inauguration.  (At that time Inauguration Day was March 4, so he had an extra six weeks to work with.)  After a couple of weeks in Washington DC during which he chose most of his Cabinet, Hoover … Continue reading Herbert Hoover, President-Elect – a Florida vacation

The Papers of Rose Wilder Lane

Presidential Libraries are not libraries in the usual sense. They are archives and museums, bringing together in one place the documents and artifacts of a President and his administration and presenting them to the public for study and discussion.  Like all Presidential Libraries, the Hoover Library has collected documents and artifacts from many different individuals … Continue reading The Papers of Rose Wilder Lane

Hoover on Immigration

There is a widespread but unfounded myth that President Hoover ordered the deportation or "repatriation" of large numbers of Hispanics, primarily Mexicans, during his administration (1929-1933).   "Deportation" is the legal process for formally expelling a non-citizen from the United States; "repatriation" is a term that refers to various methods for persuading or forcing individuals to … Continue reading Hoover on Immigration