The Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930

In any discussion of President Hoover’s economic policies, the Smoot-Hawley Tariff often takes center stage.  What's typically omitted, however, is the context in which the bill emerged. From the earliest days of the republic, a protective tariff was one of the bedrock principles of U.S. economic policy.    In the late 19th and early 20th century, … Continue reading The Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930

Hoover and His Young Advisors

By Thomas F. Schwartz Presidents receive endless unsolicited advice on what to do and how to do it.  Modern Presidents, even with the most vigilant staff, cannot prevent unsolicited advice from reaching their boss, especially in open public settings.  Hoover tended to be impatient with advice given by adults, especially from the general public.  But … Continue reading Hoover and His Young Advisors

Hitching a Ride with a President

By Thomas Schwartz John Wade Gordon stood along a hot, dusty California highway not far from Petaluma hoping to hitch a ride to Sausalito ferry about forty miles south.  Gordon had relocated to California from Memphis, Tennessee is search of better prospects.  It was August 24, 1933.  Hungry and in need of employment, Gordon hoped … Continue reading Hitching a Ride with a President