Herbert Hoover’s Nobel Peace Prize nominations

The Nobel Peace Prize medal. Herbert Hoover was known as “The Great Humanitarian” for the many food relief programs he led during and after both World Wars.  The precise number of people Hoover saved from starvation remains a matter of debate, but most scholars agree it is in the hundreds of millions.  Despite his achievements, … Continue reading Herbert Hoover’s Nobel Peace Prize nominations

One Hundred Years Ago in the Ukraine

The Hoover Museum just opened its temporary exhibit, ‘Deliverance: America and the Famine in Soviet Russia, 1921-1923.’  In walking through, I recalled that I’d once seen some letters in the Lewis Strauss papers which discussed famine relief in Russia and Ukraine.  Eventually, I remembered the name of the correspondent.  Boris Bogen, coordinating the work of … Continue reading One Hundred Years Ago in the Ukraine

James Putnam Goodrich: Witness to the Famine

By Thomas F. Schwartz Herbert Hoover relied on accurate reporting from a variety of sources on the impact famine and food shortages were affecting area in Russia from 1921-23.  As Secretary of Commerce for President Harding, Hoover could not travel abroad to see for himself the tragedy already gripping many parts of the Russian empire.  … Continue reading James Putnam Goodrich: Witness to the Famine

“To All Honest People”: Hoover’s Response to Famine

By Thomas F. Schwartz Wars are always highlighted in the history books for later generations to read about.  The humanitarian efforts that follow in the aftermath of wars rarely receive as much attention except by the people who are the immediate beneficiaries.  After World War I, significant problems of food shortages faced many countries.  Herbert … Continue reading “To All Honest People”: Hoover’s Response to Famine

Humanitarian Relief: “What Relief Consists Of”

By Thomas F. Schwartz Those who study Herbert Hoover realize that the past few and the next several years mark the one hundredth anniversary of the American Relief Administration’s efforts to mitigate suffering in post-World War One Europe.  It also highlights why Hoover is often referred to as “The Great Humanitarian.”  One of Hoover’s more … Continue reading Humanitarian Relief: “What Relief Consists Of”

Lou Hoover and Belgian Lace

By Thomas F. Schwartz One of the lesser known aspects of the Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB) dealt with support of the Belgian lace makers.  In 1915, a committee of Belgian women requested assistance for the importation of linen thread and needles as well as cash advances to keep the cottage industry of lace … Continue reading Lou Hoover and Belgian Lace

Herbert Hoover on the Kings of Belgium

  On May 28, 1959, Herbert Hoover gave the keynote at a dinner honoring the King of Belgium. Given that his ties to Belgium dated back to the early days of World War I, Hoover was the natural candidate to give this speech.  In October 1914, Hoover was called upon to lead famine relief for … Continue reading Herbert Hoover on the Kings of Belgium

‘It’s 11:59 on the Clock of Starvation’

Speaking to an American radio audience just before the German surrender at the end of World War II, Hoover raised important issues for Western Civilization in the post-war world. His main focus was on food availability and security.  Hoover observed ‘No peace will be possible in nations that are half well-fed and half starved.’  He … Continue reading ‘It’s 11:59 on the Clock of Starvation’

Revisiting Hoover’s Memo to Truman, May 1945

At this time last year, I wrote a blog on Hoover’s return to the world stage in response to President Truman’s request for Hoover’s insights into the food situation in Europe immediately after V-E Day.  I summarized an 18-page memo Hoover sent to Truman on May 31, 1945, recapping the main points of their 55-minute … Continue reading Revisiting Hoover’s Memo to Truman, May 1945

United States Food Administration poster.

A Recipe Idea for Meatless Monday

By Thomas F. Schwartz As a previous blog post indicated, Americans who signed the pledge to conserve food were encouraged to forgo meat at one meal each day and on Tuesday, the entire day.  On Monday, supper was the designated meal to be meatless.  In Hoover’s day, breakfast was the first meal of the day … Continue reading A Recipe Idea for Meatless Monday